Allama Iqbal Biography Career and Philosophical Work

Allama Iqbal biography reveals that the National Poet was a great poet and philosopher. This Muslim Hero is known for his influential attempts to direct his fellow Muslims in British-administered India towards the establishment of a separate Islamic state. It was an aspiration that was eventually realized in the country of Pakistan. This great philosopher was knighted in 1922. This individual was a really figured out man who performed a considerable part of his studies in India plus some in England and Germany, where this intellectual thinker was brought to the philosophies of Heine, Goethe, and Nietzsche. This Muslim Hero is lovingly remembered as a great poet and scholar.

Allama Iqbal Biography

Allama Iqbal biography 2

Allama Iqbal biography discloses that the National Poet had been one of typically the most important writers, lawyers, political figures, poets, Muslim Sufis in the twentieth century, and another of the majority of prominent figures regarding the Tehreek-e-Pakistan. Urdu and Persian are known for poetry in this region, and this specific aspect is an essential reason for this. The key trend in poetry had been towards Sufism and the Umah associated with Islam.

Allama Iqbal Biography and Biodata
Name Sir Muhammad Iqbal
  • Allama Iqbal
  • Poet of the East
  • Shair-e-Mashriq
  • Hakeem-ul-Ummat
  • Muffakir-e-Pakistan
  • Spiritual Father of Pakistan
Sex Male
Date Of Birth Nov 9, 1877
Date of Death April 21, 1938
Age 60 Years
Profession / Occupation Lawyer, Professor
Zodiac Sign Scorpio
Religion Muslim
Nationality British Indian Muslim
Educational Qualification
  • Scotch Mission College (F.A.)
  • Government College (B.A., M.A.)
  • University of Cambridge (B.A.)
  • University of Munich (Ph.D.)
Marital Status Married
  • Karim Bibi
  • Mukhtar Begum
  • Sardar Begum
Known for
  • Poetry
  • Philosophical Work
  • Allahabad Address
Famous Work
  • Bang-e-Dara,
  • The Secrets of the Self,
  • The Secrets of Selflessness,
  • Message from the East,
  • Persian Psalms,
  • Javid Nama,
  • “Sare Jahan se Accha”
  • Javed Iqbal
  • Aftab Iqbal
  • Miraj Begum
Main Interests
  • Islam
  • Urdu poetry
  • Persian poetry
  • Law


Allama Iqbal biography shows that this Muslim Hero was born on Nov 9, 1877, in Sialkot, inside the Punjab province of British India. His grandparents were Kashmiri Pandits, who altered over to Islamic. Inside the nineteenth century, when the Sikh Empire was overcoming the area of Kashmir, Allama Iqbal biography discloses that his granddad’s family moved to Punjab. The National Poet regularly said and recognized his Kashmiri Pandit Brahmin family history and genealogy in the works.

Iqbal’s dad, Sheikh Noor Muhammad, who was passed on in the year 1930, was a tailor, not formally taught but somewhat a religious man. His mom Imam Bibi was a gracious and humble lady who helped the poor and tackled the issues of friends and neighbors. She passed away in 1914 in Sialkot. Iqbal adored his mother, and the woman died. Therefore, this Muslim Hero conveyed his psychological state of misery, woe, and anguish in a rhythmical form poem.

Ideological Work

Allama Iqbal biography explains that this great philosopher was a poet person and a thinker, having always been concerned about the ideas, thoughts, and condition of Muslim people almost everywhere, but especially Indian native Muslims, living under British Rule and also threatened by the majority of Hindu majority human population. Allama Iqbal biography illuminates that this Muslim Hero believed strongly in Sir Syed Ahmed Khan’s before idea about ‘Two Nation theory’ that both of the Muslims and Hindus were two separate nations. He writes books in four languages, Urdu, Persian, Punjabi and English.

Therefore, they should be permitted to live separately. Allama Iqbal biography proves that this great philosopher put forward this practically useful idea again in his famous and beneficial Allahabad Address of Muslim League, in 1930, and also preached this in the poems and lectures. His words and ideas motivated many Muslims, some of whom became leaders of the Muslim League, and struggled to get Pakistan later on—have been very popular amidst the Muslim public too.


He just visited the era of four years when the National Poet was brought to the mosque to analyze the O Qur’an. This Muslim Hero discovered the Arabic language from his educator Syed Mir Hassan, the best of the madrassa and instructor of Arabic vernacular at Scotch Objective College in Sialkot, from where this individual did his matriculation in 1893. This great philosopher completed his more advanced from G.C Lahore, where this intellectual thinker got his B.A in theory, English writing and Persia in 1897, and won the Khan Bahadurddin F. T. Jalaluddin decoration as the National Poet took higher marks in Arabic course. In 1899, Allama Iqbal biography showed that this Muslim Hero got his M.A qualification from a similar College and had the primary spot in Lahore Punjab University.


  • He also worked as a junior professor of philosophy at G.C. Lahore.
  • Iqbal decided for higher studies in the West and stayed in Britain to study the scholarship from Trinity College, Cambridge. From there, this great philosopher received his B. A degree in 1906.
  • In 1907, this intellectual thinker went to Germany to follow a doctorate and gained a Ph.D. degree from Ludwig Maximilian University, Munich. In the course of the process, the National Poet got his doctoral thesis ‘The Development of Metaphysics in Persia’ released.
  • Allama Iqbal biography explains that this Muslim Hero returned to India and became an assistant professor at Government College, Lahore, but the job failed to provide enough financial support, which is why this great philosopher decided to turn to the practice of legislation. Allama Iqbal biography demonstrates that this intellectual thinker also practiced as a lawyer from the year 1908 to 1934.
  • In 1919, Allama Iqbal biography describes that this great philosopher became the common secretary of Anjuman-e-Himayat-e-Islam, an Islamic perceptive and political business based in Lahore, Pakistan, which has been an active member of several years before gaining this position.
  • In the year of 1927, the Allama Iqbal biography demonstrates that the National Poet was elected to the Punjab assembly and was later chosen to preside over the Muslim League session. It was in these positions that Iqbal, for the first time, released the idea of ‘Pakistan.’
  • As a result of his failing health, Iqbal stopped serving clients completely in the year of 1934 and was honored with a pension by the famous personality of Nawab of Bhopal. Allama Iqbal biography unveils that this Muslim Hero dedicated his life to his own psychic thoughts mind and adding to the Persian and Urdu literature.


Allama Iqbal biography describes that this intellectual thinker wedded thrice. Inside 1895, while completing B.A, his first wedding with Karim Bibi was done through an arranged marriage. Karim Bibi was the daughter of general practitioner Khan Bahadur Ata Muhammad Khan, who had been the mother’s grand-dad of overseer and musician Khwaja Khurshid Anwar. They got twins, a daughter named Miraj Begum and a son Aftab Iqbal. After that, Allama Iqbal biography illuminates that the National Poet got married again with Sardar Begum, who had been the mommy of Javed Iqbal. The name of Iqbal’s third wife with whom having been hitched in December 1914 was Mukhtar Begum.

List of Books

Here you will find the names of some of his books.

Prose book in Urdu
  • Ilm ul Iqtisad (1903)
Prose books in English
  • The Development of Metaphysics in Persia (1908)
  • The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam (1930)
Poetic books in Persian
  • Asrar-i-Khudi (1915)
  • Rumuz-i-Bekhudi (1917)
  • Payam-i-Mashriq (1923)
  • Zabur-i-Ajam (1927)
  • Javid Nama (1932)
  • Pas Cheh Bayed Kard ai Aqwam-e-Sharq (1936)
  • Armughan-e-Hijaz (1938) (in Persian and Urdu)
  • Poetic books in Urdu
  • Bang-i-Dara (1924)
  • Bal-i-Jibril (1935)
  • Zarb-i Kalim (1936)

Same Unique Facts About Iqbal


  • Allama Iqbal biography reveals that this Muslim Hero is regarded as the ‘Shair-e-Mashriq’ in most of Southeast Asia. The ‘Muffakir-e-Pakistan’ and ‘Hakeem-ul-Ummat’ are the other names of this great philosopher.
  • This intellectual thinker is Pakistan’s National Poet and his birthday is a national holiday there.
  • The National Poet writes ‘Saare Jahan Se Achcha’ as well.
  • In Afghanistan and Iran, this Muslim Hero is famous as ‘Iqbal – e – Lahori.
  • The name of his son is Javid Iqbal. This son was the justice on the Pakistan Supreme Court.

Allama Iqbal biography reveals that there are plenty of public organizations in Pakistan having his him. Some of them are known as the Allama Iqbal Campus Punjab University, the Allama Iqbal Medical College, Iqbal Stadium, Allama Iqbal Open University, and more.

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