Biography of Mahatma Gandhi and Political Struggle

Biography of Mahatma Gandhi famous that this political leader changed into an Indian legal professional, politician, social activist, and creator who has become the chief of the nationalist movement in competition to the British rule of India. As such, this Indian leader came to be taken into consideration the father of his country. He is across the world, esteemed for his doctrine of non-violent protest (Satyagraha), to obtain political and social improvement.

Biography of Mahatma Gandhi

biography of Mahatma Gandhi 2

Biography of Mahatma Gandhi explains that this Indian leader becomes the number one chief of India’s independence movement and, additionally, the architect of a form of non-violent civil disobedience that could have an impact on the sector. Until Gandhi became assassinated in 1948, his lifestyles and teachings stimulated activists inclusive of Martin Luther King Jr. And Nelson Mandela. Now we will discuss the Biography of Mahatma Gandhi and biodata.

Biography of Mahatma Gandhi and Biodata
Name Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
Nick-name Mahatma Gandhi, Bapu ji, Gandhi ji, and M. K. Gandhi
Sex Male
Date Of Birth October 2, 1869
Died January 30, 1948
Age 78 Years (as in 2020)
Profession / Occupation
  • Lawyer
  • Politician
  • Activist
  • Writer
Zodiac Sign Libra
Religion Hindu
Nationality Indian
Political Party Indian National Congress
Educational Qualification LLB
Marital Status Married
Wife Kasturba Gandhi
Known for
  • Indian Independence Movement,
  • Non-violent resistance
  • Harilal – Son
  • Manilal – Son
  • Ramdas – Son
  • Devdas – Son

Early Life

Biography of Mahatma Gandhi clarifies that this political leader ends up born on October 2, 1869, at Porbandar, inside the present-day Indian nation of Gujarat. His father changed into the dewan (CM) of Porbandar. Also, his deeply spiritual mom changed into a devoted practitioner of Vaishnavism (worship of the Hindu god Vishnu), induced with the aid of way of Jainism, an ascetic faith governed through tenets of the strength of mind and non-violence.

Biography of Mahatma Gandhi additionally explains that at the age of nineteen, this political leader left domestic to observe regulation in London at the Inner Temple, one of the metropolis’s four law schools. Upon returning to India in mid-1891, this Indian leader installation a law exercise in Bombay, however, met with little fulfillment. This political leader quickly commonplaces a function with an Indian organization that dispatched him to its workplace in South Africa. Along together with his spouse, Kasturbai, and their kids, Gandhi remained in South Africa for almost a long time.


Biography of Mahatma Gandhi clarifies that after this Indian leader has become nine years vintage, this political leader went to a close-by school at Rajkot and studied the fundamentals of arithmetic, history, geography, and languages. At the age of 11, he went to a high school in Rajkot. Because of his wedding ceremony, at least approximately 365 days, his studies had been disturbed, and later he joined and finished his education. This Indian leader joined Samaldas College in Bhavnagar in 1888 at Gujarat. Later, one among his own family friend Mavji Dave Joshi to pursue similar studies of the regulation in London. He became now not satisfied with the studies at Samaldas College, and so he has ended up excited with the aid of the London thought and controlled to influence his mom and partner that he is going to not touch non-veg, wine, or women.

In the 12 months 1888, the Biography of Mahatma Gandhi discloses that this political leader left for London to examine the law. Thereafter ten days of arrival, this Indian leader joined the Inner Temple, one of the four London Law colleges and studied and practiced regulation. In London, he additionally joined a Veg Society and introduced to Bhagavad Gita with the aid of a number of his veg friends. Later, Bhagavad Gita set an influence and motivated his existence.

Role in Indian Independence Movement


As a part of his non-violent non-cooperation advertising marketing campaign for the domestic rule, his careworn the importance of economic independence for India, this political leader mainly advocated the manufacture of khaddar, or homespun cloth, so that it will update imported textiles from Britain.

Biography of Mahatma Gandhi describes that during 1915, this Indian leader lowered back to India completely and joined the Indian National Congress with Gopal Krishna Gokhale as his mentor.

His first vital fulfillment turned into in 1918 when this Indian leader led the Champaran and Kheda agitations of Bihar and Gujarat. He additionally led Non-Cooperation Movement, Civil Disobedience Movement, and Swaraj and Quit-India motion in opposition to the British authorities.

The British government arrested him in March 1922 and attempted him for sedition. This political leader grows to be sentenced to six years in jail. However, it was launched in 1924 after a gifted manner, an operation for appendicitis. This Indian leader evaded energetic participation in politics for the subsequent several years. But, in 1930 launched a brand new civil disobedience marketing campaign towards the colonial government’s tax on salt. It notably affected Indian’s poorest residents.

Biography of Mahatma Gandhi discloses that any other approach this political leader used an increasing number of becoming the quick. This Indian leader firmly believed that Hindu-Moslem cohesion became herbal and undertook a 21-day speedy to carry the two organizations collectively. This Indian leader additionally fasted in a strike of mill people in Ahmedabad.

Protest March and Fasting

Gandhi additionally advanced the protest march. A British regulation taxed all salt utilized by Indians, an intense problem on the peasant. In 1930 this political leader began out a famous 24-day “salt march” to the sea. Several thousand marchers walked 241 miles to the coast, wherein this Indian leader picked up a handful of salt in defiance of the authorities. This signaled a countrywide motion in which peasants produced salt illegally, and Congress volunteers offered contraband salt inside the towns. Nationalists gained religion that they may shrug off foreign rule. The march additionally made the British extra conscious that they had been subjugating India.

He identified his average method of non-violent movement as Satyagraha. His Satyagraha encouraged eminent personalities collectively with Nelson Mandela and Martin Luther in their conflict for freedom, equality, and social justice. His Satyagraha grows to be based totally on real requirements and non-violence.


Nathuram Godse assassinated him on January 30, 1948. Godse modified into a Hindu nationalist and a member of the Hindu Mahasabha. This individual accused Gandhi of favoring Pakistan and changed into the doctrine of non-violence. Death was mourned nationwide. Over 1,000,000 human beings joined the 5-mile-long funeral procession that took over five hours to attain Raj Ghat from Birla residence, in which he changed into assassinated, and each other million watched the procession bypass by way of. His frame becomes transported on a guns provider, whose chassis become dismantled overnight to permit an excessive-ground to be established simply so humans should capture a glimpse of his frame.

The biography of Mahatma Gandhi explains that this political leader turned into the dead. However, this political leader lived in the coronary heart of Indian human beings.

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